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by Michael Erlewine

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Bede, "The Venerable" [Astro*Index]


(673-735) English scholar.

Entered the monastery at Jarrow at age seven, remaining there for the remainder of his life. His writings deal with early Anglo-Saxon England, astronomy, the proper dating of Easter, and imperfections in the calendar (the Vernal Equinox had slipped, by three days, to March 18). He completed a translation of St. John while on his deathbed. He supported the view that the earth was a sphere, that the phases of the Moon affected the tides, and was aware that tide tables were unique to each port. He dated events from the `birth' of Jesus, instead of the `creation' of the world.


See also: ♦ Julian Calendar ♦ Tidal Forces


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